| ## qmail: the .qmail file
## Nathan Underwood <>
The .qmail file in your home directory is your greatest ally in the
fight to control your incoming mail. The .qmail file is similar
to a .forward file in sendmail, but can do even more.
This tutorial will be a bit shorter than the last few due to my starting a
new job this week and moving to a new city, but I hope that you will
find it as helpful as the last articles.
You will likely notice that by default, there is no .qmail file in your
home directory. qmail-local, the program that actually puts you
incoming mail in you Mailbox file, automatically sends all incoming mail
to homedir/Mailbox, where "homedir" is your home directory. So, if you
simply want all mail to come to you as is, you don't really need a
.qmail file. But, for all others (forwards, sending to multiple boxes,
etc.), the .qmail file is essential. Here are the 3 most common
A forward line in your .qmail file will begin with an "&".
Say I want all mail for user bob to go to [email protected] instead of his
mailbox on the machine. To do this I would create a .qmail file in bob's
home directory and add the line:
# .qmail for user bob - forward
That's it; now all mail for bob is forwarded to [email protected].
Keep in mind that if you want mail delivered to many email boxes, you
do not want to use the "&" in front of the recipients.
To have your local mail delivered to multiple recipients, the syntax
is extremely easy. You will simple need to add those recipient's email
addresses to the .qmail file. Continuing with user bob:
# .qmail for user bob - multiple recipients
This delivers the mail for user bob to his local mailbox, and also to
the 3 other recipients.
Say I wanted the program qbiff (a mail notifier) to run every time mail
was delivered to my local box. To do this I would create a 2 line
.qmail file (still using our example user bob) like this:
# .qmail for user bob - local delivery with a program
This tells qmail-local to deliver all incoming mail to user bob's
local box, and then run the program qbiff. The | is the mechanism for
initiating a program.
Putting it all together
So, let's put bob's qmail file together. Lets say that we want mail
to be delivered to bob's local box, we want it sent to 3 other places,
and we want bob to be notified by qbiff when new mail has arrived.
Here is bob's .qmail file:
# .qmail for user bob
That's it. While there are more uses for the .qmail file, these are
probably the most commonly used. I would recommend reading the
dot-qmail man page to get the whole scoop. So, until next time, when
we discuss using qmail with multiple domains, happy qmailing!
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